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ACT语法高频考点之同位语篇

发布日期:02-28 17:54 分类:考试干货 阅读次数:44

摘要一、ACT语法高频考点——同位语篇简介同位语是ACT语法的难题和常考点,大家一定要掌握。同位语一般都是名词,和前面所修饰的名词表示同一事物。1. 同位语前后都用逗号隔开,或者前后都没有逗号,两边必须一 ...

一、ACT语法高频考点——同位语篇简介

同位语是ACT语法的难题和常考点,大家一定要掌握。

同位语一般都是名词,和前面所修饰的名词表示同一事物。

1. 同位语前后都用逗号隔开,或者前后都没有逗号,两边必须一致。

ACT的一部分同位语题目可以通过这一点解决,前后必须一致,要不然都有逗号,要不然都没有)

2. 当选项同时出现同位语两边都有逗号,同位语两边都没有逗号的情况,需要进一步判别。

大家记住以下三个例子:

The 23rd American president, Bill Clinton, is popular.

(如果删掉同位语“Bill Clinton”,句子意思并不改变,the 23rd American president指的就是Bill Clinton, 所以是非限制性同位语,同位语前后用逗号隔开)

American president Bill Clinton is popular.

(如果删掉”Bill Clinton”, 句子意思改变,我们并不知道这里“American president”指的是谁,所以是限制性同位语,同位语前后不用逗号隔开)

A college student, Peter, won the competition.

(凡是不定冠词:a, an+身份,表示泛指,后面接同位语都是非限制性同位语)

3. A ,or B, (A,B表示同一事物时,or B 作同位语,前后必须用逗号隔开)

4. such as后面直接加名词

e.g. I bought fruits such as apples, bananas and pears.


二、ACT语法高频考点——同位语篇真题训练

1. Iago, the villain of the tragedy, Othello strives to undo Othello, a respected general.

A. NO CHANGE

B. tragedy, Othello,

C. tragedy Othello,

D. tragedy Othello

2. To the surprise of many, it was a college student, Maya Lin who won the 1981 competition to design the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.

A. NO CHANGE

B. student, Maya Lin,

C. student Maya Lin

D. student Maya Lin,

3. Other tales were exaggeratedly and humorous accounts of harsh bosses and smarter workers, or of trickster animals such as, Brer Rabbit and his cousins.

A. NO CHANGE

B. as Brer Rabbit

C. as Brer Rabbit,

D. as, Brer Rabbit,

4. Growing within many plots are such oddities, as purple carrots, white tomatoes, striped eggplants, potatoes with blue flesh, and other crops a casual gardener

would find strange indeed.

A. NO CHANGE

B. oddities

C. oddities:

D. oddities;

5. Kayaking in white water the tumultuous rapids of swift-moving rivers appeals to people seeking adventure and excitement.

A. NO CHANGE

B. water; the tumultuous rapids of swift-moving rivers,

C. water, the tumultuous rapids of swift-moving rivers,

D. water the tumultuous rapids of swift-moving rivers,

6. In 2002, Minnesota writer and editor, Mai Neng Moua, created a new literary tradition.

A. NO CHANGE

B. editor Mai Neng Moua

C. editor, Mai Neng Moua

D. editor Mai Neng Moua,

7. Gradually, he grew into the role of homespun sage and philosopher, much like that of the kindly old captain he played in his last film, Steamboat Round the Bend.

A. NO CHANGE

B. captain, he played in his last film

C. captain, he played in his last film,

D. captain he played in his last film

8. Lunar rainbows, or “moonbows,” are little known.

A. NO CHANGE

B. rainbows, or “moonbows”

C. rainbows or “moonbows,”

D. rainbows or, “moonbows”

9. The city was celebrating an incredible engineering feat; the completion of the first section of the New York City Subway.

A. NO CHANGE

B. feat, over

C. feat:

D. feat

 

Answer Key:

1-9: CBBBC BAAC 


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